WR, Byus CV, Cain CD, Higgins RJ, et al.
In these papers
the authors exposed pregnant rats to radiofrequency radiation. Some
of the rats were also exposed to a single dose of ethylnitrosurea
(ENU), which acts as a carcinogen.
The offspring of the rats continued to have far-field RF exposure
until weaning at age 21 days and about 10-14 days later they were
exposed to near-field radiation (2 hours per day, 4 days per week)
that continued until their death or for 2 years.
In the 1999
paper the rats were exposed to a digital 836.55 MHz field with North
American Digital Cellular (NADC) pulsed modulation. The rat brain
Specific Absorption Rates (SAR) were calculated to be 1.0-1.6 W/kg.
There was no evidence of tumour induction from the RF exposure.
There was a non-significant trend to inhibition of tumour development.
In the 2000
paper the rats were exposed to a frequency-modulated (FM) signal
at 836.55 MHz. The SARs were calculated to be 1.0-1.2 W/kg. There
were no effects on incidence of tumours or on survival attributable
to FM field exposure in either ENU-treated or in sham-treated groups.
In the second
paper the authors discuss possible differences in effects between
the two types of signals used in their experiments.