cell phone use and brain tumour
Since this analysis was performed there have been a number of other papers published from the INTERPHONE study, and a summary of the entire study results is awaited (see below).
Reference: Kan P, Simonsen SE,
Lyon JL, Kestle JRW. Cellular phone use and brain tumor: a meta-analysis.
J Neurooncol 2007;DOI 10.1007/s11060-007-9432-1
The principal investigators of the INTERPHONE study have published an online paper that provides details of the design and epidemiological methods, as well as a description of the population included in the study. The population included 2,765 glioma, 2,425 meningioma, 1,121 acoustic neuroma, 109 malignant parotid gland tumour cases and 7,658 controls. The paper discusses potential recall and participation biases and their impact on the results.
For more, see "Research Programs - Interphone".
Reference: Cardis E, Richardson L, Deltour I, Armstrong
B, and 44 others. The INTERPHONE study: design, epidemiological methods,
and description of the study population. Eur J Epidemiol 2007. DOI
Schlehofer and colleagues reports results from the German part of the Interphone study. They studied various potential risk factors for acoustic neuroma, and found no increased risk with the regular use of a cell phone or with exposure to ionizing radiation. There were increased risks, however, in those with hay fever and in those who had been exposed to persistent noise. These results agree with most studies of cell phone use, and confirm other reports of the association of acoustic neuroma with exposure to noise or to hay fever.
For more, see "Research - Epidemiology".
Reference: Schlehofer B, Schlaefer
K, Blettner M, Berg G, et al. Environmental risk factors for sporadic
acoustic neuroma (Interphone Study Group, Germany). Eur J Cancer
Power output of cell phones
For more, see "Research - Exposure assessment".
Reference: Erdreich LS, Van Kerkhove
MD, Scrafford CG, Barraj L, et al. Factors that influence the radiofrequency
power output of GSM mobile phones. Rad Res 2007;168:253-261.
Barker et al. recruited 120 healthy volunteers to participate
in a study of the effect of RFR exposure on the cardiovascular system. The
subjects were exposed to signals from either GSM or Tetra headsets,
and measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, and blood levels of
adrenaline and noradrenaline were done. There were no significant differences
in any of these parameters. The authors state that their findings are
in keeping with two other smaller studies, and suggest that further
studies of acute changes in blood pressure due to GSM and TETRA handsets
are not required.
Reference: Barker AT, Jackson
PR, Parry H, Coulton LA, et al. The effect of GSM and TETRA mobile
handsets on blood pressure, catechol levels and heart rate variability.
Meral and colleagues exposed guinea pigs to 890-915 MHz EMF (SAR 0.95 W/kg) from a cellular phone for 12 h/day for 30 days. They found increased brain and blood levels of MDA, an oxidative metabolic product, while levels of antioxidants decreased. They concluded that electromagnetic fields from cell phones produced oxidative stress in the brain tissue of the guinea pigs.
For more, see "Research - Laboratory studies - Others - Free oxygen radicals".
Reference: Meral I, Mert H, Mert
N, Deger Y, et al. (2007): Effects of 900 MHz electromagnetic field
emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin
levels.Brain Res doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2007.07.015
The authors carried out this study as part of the UK's Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research Programme. The study was planned in response to a small study by Maier et al. in 2004 that involved only 11 subjects, which suggested that an auditory discrimination task was impaired after RFR exposure for 50 min. In the present study there were 168 participants. No significant effect of RFR exposure was seen.
For more, see "Research - Clinical - Cognitive function".
Reference: Cinel C, Boldini A,
Russo R, Fox E. Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields on
an auditory order threshold task. Bioelectromagnetics 2007;28:493-496.
Roy and Martin have reviewed standards for limiting RF exposure adopted by Eastern European countries and those of mainly Western countries. The former aim to protect against non-thermal effects caused by chronic, low-level exposure, while the latter, which follow ICNIRP and IEEE guidelines, protect against acute biological effects, and use specific absorption rates to protect against thermal effects.
For more, see "Wireless phones".
Reference: Roy CR, Martin LJ (2007): A comparison of important international and national standards for limiting exposure to EMF including the scientific rationale. Health Phys 92:635-641.